Rosa centifolia is a hybrid, first developed by rose breeders in the Netherlands in the 16th Century. It is also commonly known as the cabbage rose due to its appearance of several overlapping petals. Rose has a very long history of being used in traditional medicine. In Western herbal medicine it has been used as a mild sedative, anti-inflammatory agent and in an extract to treat skin problems. Scientific research has demonstrated anti-oxidant activities by radical scavenging activities as well as extracts of the rose petals having a beneficial effect on scalp seborrheic dermatitis.