Calluna vulgar is a well-known symbol of Scotland where it is seen as an icon of the Highlands. Heather is regarded in Scotland as being lucky, a tradition brought from Balmoral to England by Queen Victoria. Traditionally, it was used as medicine through teas, ointments and salves as a cleansing and detoxifying plant in the treatment of inﬂammatory disorders. Heather research has shown anti-oxidation, anti-pollution and anti-inﬂammation actives demonstrated by in vivo and ex vivo experiments. These eﬀects of heather are known to be due to active compounds such as quercetin, p-coumaric acid, caﬀeic acid, ferulic acid, luteolin, chlorogenic acid, isoquercitrin, hamamelitannin and catechin that have been identiﬁed in heather extracts.